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  Lecce and its Baroque style
Capital of Salento, Lecce is a city of great charm admired for its palaces and the undeniable beauty of its churches. It is considered one of the capitals of Baroque art



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The city with its Messapic origins has conserved its independence, resisting the Taranto expansion of the third century AC. It was conquered by the Romans, firstly taking the name Lupiae and later being connected to the primitive village of Licea or Litium, 3 kilometres to the north-east.

Over the ages Lecce was called the “Athens of Puglia "and also the “Florence of Baroque" for the beauty of its monuments.
It is said that the city was founded by a descendant of Minos together with Rudiae. During the Roman domination, Lecce was fortified against possible attacks from invaders.
Evidence of the Roman period can also be found in the street that connected Brindisi and Lecce, and in the remains of the Roman theatre and amphitheatre from the first half of the second century AD, which are located in the town centre.

This Roman amphitheatre, which was discovered in 1929 and only partially exhumed, hosts classical performances in summer.

Of the original four gates that enclosed the old city today only three remain: Porta Napoli or Arco di Trionfo, the oldest, built in 548 in honour of Carlo V. Porta Rudiae, built in 1703, topped by statues of St. Oronzo, St. Domenico and St. Irene; Porta San Biagio of the eighteenth century



Among the Romanesque monuments are: the Church and Convent of Sts. Niccolò and Cataldo, at the entrance to the cemetery, the facade of which was rebuilt in the Baroque style in the eighteenth century; the Benedictine Monastery of St.Giavanni the Evangelist, now a convent; the church of St. Maria d’Aurio from the twelfth century.

The two cylindrical towers, the Belloluogo, which has a richly frescoed chapel, and the Parco date back to the Angionian era. Straight streets and fortifications equipped with artillery were constructed between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries for defensive reasons. Between 1539 and 1549 the castle was built on the earlier Norman fortification.  Magnificent palaces, including those named Adorno, Vernazza-Castromediano, Spada, Saraceno and Sedile were also built in the sixteenth century

In the seventeenth century, representatives of the aristocracy, upper class and clergy erected more and more beautiful religious buildings with the local stone, a soft and easily workable whitish or yellowish limestone, which hardens in the air over time and takes on a warm golden colour.From their work sprang monuments that characterize the baroque town of Lecce, triumphs of flowers, fruit and exotic animals, with meticulous attention to detail.

The Piazza Duomo contains within it, the Cathedral with the Campanile, the Seminario of the Archbishop, the Library, the Diocesan Museum and the School of Religious Studies and the Episcopio (Bishop's Palace). In the seventeenth century, the main entrance to the square was demolished, revealing the propylaea, almost an invitation to enter, stay, and enjoy the magic and artistic appeal of the square. .
  Agriturismo Masseria Salamina Lecce
Masseria Salamina, 72010 Pezze di greco Fasano (Brindisi) - ITALY 
info@masseriasalamina.it tel.+39.080.489.7307 - fax. +39.080.489.8582 - P.IVA 03956760726
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